Is that first link the results? What file format is it, as I can't open it with anything I have. Is it text (it's only 5.9KB)?
Ah, Libre. I actually have it, but I hadn't tried using it The file itself just says "file" for the type, so I thought maybe it was something I didn't have, though I completely forgot about Libre and it wasn't showing up in my options. But, it opened just fine using it.
With that said, overall it looks pretty good. A couple of higher ones, but most of them fit within the expected range. It took me a couple second to remember what you said about the pauses when I saw those 10,000+ results. My jaw dropped.
I'm not really sure what to make of the dead hops and where they are in the results, but Mark may. Dead hops do often appear in trace routes, though, so it may be normal. Whenever I run a trace route there is nearly always one or two.
Interesting... Your gateway's provider is Suddenlink (18.104.22.168), which appears to be randomly inserting a 1 second delay... which is not really terrible.
What troubles me is when you open up the wait time to 15 seconds, you have a consistent 10 second delay added between your terminal the satellite, which might indicate some kind of handshaking protocol issue. It's always the second number, not the initial one though... and that's weird.
Are you on Linux natively or running through a VM?
There's no gateway (ground station) in Ashburn. They're all west of the Mississippi.
What's the IPGW ID when you go here?
AMA is Amarillo, TX, which kind of makes sense. Suddenlink is based in Tyler.
So, if you're in Oakdale (Modesto), your round trip distance to Satellite, Amarillo is twice 48,766mi. So, minimum possible overall lag is 522.65mS not including processing time.